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Old 02-08-2024, 01:56 AM
Sparty Sparty is offline
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Default Hydrogen + Red Mud = Green Steel in 10 minutes

Turning Red Mud into Green Steel: Key Points:

Red Mud is 60% iron oxide, the key ingredient for steel


Problem:

Aluminum production creates 198 million tons of toxic "red mud" annually.
Red mud disposal in landfills is expensive and environmentally harmful.
Steel production contributes 8% of global CO2 emissions.

Solution:

Scientists developed a method to transform red mud into "green steel" using hydrogen.
The process takes just 10 minutes and utilizes electric arc furnaces.
Green hydrogen avoids greenhouse gas emissions unlike traditional methods.

Benefits:

Reduces red mud waste and its associated environmental impact.
Lowers CO2 emissions in steel production.
Creates high-purity iron directly usable in steelmaking.
Leftover material can be transformed into useful glass-like products.
Potentially cost-competitive with traditional steel production.

Next Steps:

Decision for adoption by the steel industry.
Further research on extracting valuable metals from the process.
Additional Notes:

Red mud contains up to 60% iron oxide, the key ingredient for steel.
The method "neutralizes" harmful heavy metals within the resulting materials.

For more information Read: https://www.mpg.de/21476840/toxic-re...steel-industry

 

Disclaimer: The author of this post, may or may not be a shareholder of any of the companies mentioned in this column. No company mentioned has sponsored or paid for this content. Comments on this forum should never be taken as investment advice.

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Old 02-08-2024, 02:00 AM
Sparty Sparty is offline
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Default Red mud is bauxite processing residue

Red mud, also known as bauxite residue, is a waste product generated during the processing of bauxite ore into alumina, the raw material for aluminum. It's a complex mixture of various components, including:

Iron oxides: These give red mud its characteristic reddish color and make up around 30-50% of its composition.

Titanium dioxide: This is another major component, accounting for 5-15% of red mud.
Aluminum hydroxide: Leftover from the extraction process, it can be present in amounts ranging from 5-20%.

Silica: This is a major impurity that needs to be removed during alumina production, and can still be present in red mud at 5-15% levels.

Other oxides: Depending on the source of the bauxite ore, red mud may also contain oxides of calcium, sodium, magnesium, and other elements.

Red mud from Bauxite
The properties of red mud can vary depending on the specific composition. Generally, it's a fine-grained, reddish-brown powder with a high pH (alkaline) and a gritty texture. It can also be slightly soluble in water, releasing some of its components into the surrounding environment.

Here's a breakdown of the key aspects of red mud:

Environmental Impact:

Due to its high alkalinity and potential leaching of heavy metals, red mud can pose environmental risks if not managed properly.

Improper storage or disposal can contaminate soil and water sources.

The red mud's fine particles can also contribute to air pollution.

Management and Utilization:

Traditionally, red mud has been stored in large impoundments or landfills, which raises concerns about long-term environmental impact and land use. However, there's growing interest in finding sustainable ways to manage and utilize red mud.

Research is ongoing to explore potential applications in areas like construction materials, agriculture, and even rare metal extraction.

Potential Benefits:

Utilizing red mud could reduce the environmental impact of bauxite processing and create valuable resources from waste.

Extracting valuable metals like titanium and rare earth elements from red mud could provide economic and environmental benefits.

Developing sustainable uses for red mud could contribute to a more circular economy.

Challenges:

The complex composition and variability of red mud pose challenges for its utilization.
Developing economically viable and environmentally sound technologies for red mud management and utilization requires further research and innovation.
Public acceptance and regulatory frameworks need to adapt to support the wider use of red mud in various applications.
Overall, red mud presents both challenges and opportunities. As research and innovation progress, we can move towards more sustainable ways to manage this waste product and potentially unlock its valuable potential. Bard.google 2024

 

Disclaimer: The author of this post, may or may not be a shareholder of any of the companies mentioned in this column. No company mentioned has sponsored or paid for this content. Comments on this forum should never be taken as investment advice.

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